Practical life: The purpose of Practical Life is to help the child gain coordination of movement and independence. These exercises aid the growth and development of the child’s intellect and concentration. This in turn will help the child develop an orderly way of thinking.
Sensorial: Comes from the word “senses”. These materials allow the child to refine his senses. They were designed to cover every quality that can be perceived by the senses such as size, shape, composition, texture, loudness, softness, matching, weight, temperature etc.
Language: Developing the child’s language is part of every aspect of the Montessori curriculum. With the language program, children learn how to recognize and differentiate sounds as well as to write. It all begins with the Sandpaper sounds, with which children get a visual and tactile impression of the sound.
Mathematics: Children are surrounded by numbers.
“How old are you?”
“We will go in 10 minutes”.
“Your birthday is the 7th of April”.
The Montessori math’s materials help the child to develop the ability to discriminate and to recognize patterns. The child uses pairing activities to recognize difference or similarities. They learn to grade in size, shape and color. The child also learns to recognize and write numerals.
Culture: This area includes the subjects geography, history, biology and science. The child has a wonderful interest in the world around them. They learn about the earth, the seven continents and people around the world. History allows the child to learn the concept of time. Biology teaches the child about the plants, animals and insects that live on our planet. Finally, science allows the child to carry out simple experiments and encourages the child to ask and learn, how?
The Montessori classroom contains specially designed materials for development that invite children to engage in learning activities of their own individual choice. Every piece of material, every exercise, every method Montessori developed was based on what she observed children to do naturally by themselves, without the help of adults. Each piece of material has a control of error and is therefore “self-correcting”.